Dementia is Latin for “madness.” This implies a state of serious memory loss to a point where normal actions such as eating or drinking are incredibly difficult. The term aphasia means “speechlessness” in Greek. Therefore, a person with aphasia can still operate functionally when it comes to day-to-day activity.
Primary progressive aphasia is a type of frontotemporal dementia, a cluster of related disorders that results from the degeneration of the frontal or temporal lobes of the brain, which include brain tissue involved in speech and language.
Aphasia is the medical term for full loss of language, while dysphasia stands for partial loss of language. The word aphasia is now commonly used to describe both conditions.
The most common types of aphasia are: Broca's aphasia. Wernick's aphasia. Anomic aphasia.
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA)
However, a type of aphasia called primary progressive aphasia is a neurodegenerative disease, which results from progressive deterioration of brain tissue in areas important for speech and language. It is often caused by diseases such as s Alzheimer's or Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration.
There are many causes for aphasia including stroke, brain trauma, brain tumours, and progressive neurological disease. Moreover, there are a variety of disorders of communication that may be due to paralysis, weakness, or incoordination of the speech musculature or to cognitive impairment.
4. If people have aphasia they will always have a significant memory loss as well. FALSE – Although a person with aphasia can have difficulty retrieving words and names, memory of situations, appointments, people and general knowledge remain relatively intact.
You may speak fast and jam words together, or say "uh" often. This is called cluttering. These changes in speech sounds are called disfluencies. Many people have a few disfluencies in their speech.
The three most common types of aphasia are:
If you experience a sudden onset of impaired speech, seek medical attention right away. It might be a sign of a potentially life-threatening condition, such as a stroke. If you develop impaired speech more gradually, make an appointment with your doctor. It may be a sign of an underlying health condition.
Can You Recover From Aphasia? Yes. Aphasia is not always permanent, and in some cases, an individual who suffered from a stroke will completely recover without any treatment. This kind of turnaround is called spontaneous recovery and is most likely to occur in patients who had a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
Once aphasia has been diagnosed, imaging studies are performed to reveal the extent of any brain damage. Examples of these tests include a computerized tomography (CT) scan and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. These tests are used to characterize any lesions such as a tumor, hemorrhage or infarction.
The most common cause of aphasia is brain damage resulting from a stroke — the blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain.